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What are Erb's palsy and cerebral palsy?

Birth injuries can come in a host of different forms. Two of the possible birth injuries that a baby can face are Erb's palsy and cerebral palsy. Both of these conditions are commonly association with occurrences during the actual birth process; however, it is possible for cerebral palsy to occur before birth begins.

What is Erb's palsy?

Erb's palsy occurs when the brachial plexus, or bundle of nerves that travel to the arms from the spinal cord, is damaged. Generally, this condition occurs if there is a problem with shoulder dystocia. In some cases, it can also occur when a vacuum or forceps are used to facilitate the delivery of the baby. Erb's palsy occurs when the pressure that is placed on the shoulder, head or neck affects these nerves. Erb's palsy is sometimes a temporary condition that requires immobilization of the affected arm for a certain period. If the injury is severe, the damage can be permanent or require the baby to have surgery.

What is cerebral palsy?

Cerebral palsy occurs when the baby suffers damage to the brain. This can be direct trauma or because of a lack of oxygen. Cerebral palsy is a life-long condition that affects the baby in a variety of ways. These can include poor coordination, slow development and abnormal movements.

If your child suffered from a birth injury, you might opt to seek compensation for the injury. This can help you to get your child the care he or she needs to live the best life possible. Taking action quickly after the injury is crucial to ensure that you meet South Carolina's statute of limitation.

Source: FindLaw, "Birth Injuries: Cerebral Palsy and Erbs Palsy," accessed April 01, 2016

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